Gibson was appointed following the departure of coach Andrew Gale, members of the coaching team and director of cricket Martyn Moxon last month following allegations of racist abuse by former player Azeem Rafiq.
The scandal shook English sport, cost Yorkshire sponsors and the right to host England internationals while it also embroiled some of the biggest names in English cricket.
Gibson previously worked as the head coach for the West Indies and South Africa as well as a bowling coach for England and Bangladesh.
Yorkshire County Cricket Club today announces the appointment of Ottis Gibson as Head Coach on a three-year contract. #OneRose
— Yorkshire CCC (@YorkshireCCC) 1642584600000
The 52-year-old will begin next month after his contract with Pakistan Super League side Multan Sultans ends.
“His playing and coaching credentials speak for themselves and he has had a distinguished career performing at the highest level,” Yorkshire’s new chairman Kamlesh Patel said in a statement.
“Ottis’ character and his commitment to buying into the process that we are going through at Yorkshire County Cricket Club shone through in our discussions.
“He is someone that I know will encourage dialogue and help foster a culture of inclusion at the club, as well as supporting and developing the world class talent we have here and pushing them to the next level.”
Gibson will report to former England bowler Darren Gough who was appointed as managing director on an interim basis. Yorkshire said two assistant coaches will also be appointed soon.